The financial outlook for two people coming out of a marriage is often vastly different. Spouses rarely have equal earning potential, and one spouse may fear having to rely on friends and family or living in an unappealing location.
The Oregon Judicial Branch explains that a judge may order the financially stable spouse to pay spousal support. In Oregon, there are three options, although a judge may order one spouse to pay more than one type.
Some people may only need some education or training to get a job that will allow them to support themselves. Transitional spousal support is temporary and provides the help they need to reach this goal. If the transition period continues for longer than is reasonable or other factors have changed significantly, the paying spouse may be able to request a modification or termination to the order.
The breadwinning spouse may not always have had the superior earning capacity. If the other spouse made significant contributions — financial or otherwise — to advance that career, the judge may order compensatory spousal support.
3. Spousal maintenance
After a long marriage, a judge may order spousal maintenance. The divorce order may include an end date for the payments, but spousal maintenance is sometimes permanent.
Spouses may work out the spousal support agreement on their own. If they cannot, then they must fill out a Uniform Support Declaration. Judges review requests for support on a case-by-case basis and use these documents to analyze the couple’s financial circumstances before making a decision.